National Green Tribunal Bans Open Defecation and Waste Dumping on Yamuna Floodplains

–>A Bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar has banned open defecation & waste dumping on the floodplains of the Yamuna.
–>It has also slapped an environment compensation of Rs 5,000 for people who violated the order.
–>Apart from this, the NGT has also constituted a committee under the head of Delhi Jal Board CEO to oversee the cleaning works of the river and ordered it to submit reports at regular intervals.
–>The tribunal has also ordered the Delhi govt. & the municipal corp. to immediately take action against those polluting industries which function in residential areas.
–>These industries are held as the major source of pollution to the river. NGT’s above orders were issued after hearing a plea on the monitoring of execution of the ‘Maili se Nirmal Yamuna Revitalisation Project 2017’.

Background

–>The NGT on May 1 ordered the inspection of the sewage treatment plants (STP) to make sure that the effluents are treated before it got released into Yamuna.
–>Almost 67% of the wastewater reaching Yamuna are to be treated under the STPs set up under Phase 1 of the ‘Maili se Nirmal Yamuna Revitalisation Project 2017’.
–>Out of the total 14 STP projects that are to be built for treating wastewater, seven STP projects will be built by the Delhi Jal Board with its own funds.
–>The central government had sanctioned the Yamuna Action Plan (YAP)-I and YAP-II schemes for the states of Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
–>YAP-III projects which are to be completed by December 2018 has been introduced in Delhi with financial assistance from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).
–>The project involves works like sewerage/interception and diversion of drains, sewage treatment plants, low-cost sanitation and community toilet complexes, electric and improved wood crematoria among others.